Preeclampsia Poses Significant Long-Term Health Risk
Researchers have determined that preeclampsia is a significant risk factor for long-term health issues, such as chronic hypertension and hospitalizations later in life
The findings made by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) are based on a retrospective cohort study and were just published in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine.
Thousands of women and their babies die or get very sick from preeclampsia; it affects approximately 5 to 8 percent of all pregnancies.
Preeclampsia is a rapidly progressive condition
characterized by high blood pressure
and the presence of protein in the urine,
typically occurring after 20 weeks gestation
and up to six weeks postpartum.
According to the study, the BGU researchers found patients with preeclampsia had significantly higher rates of chronic hypertension diagnosed after pregnancy. Patients with preeclampsia were also more likely to be hospitalized at least once.
Exposed women had .28 hospitalization per patient rate,
while non-exposed patients had a lower .23
hospitalization per patient rate.
The study included women who gave birth between the years of 1988 to 1998, and had a follow-up until December 2009. It assessed 2,072 patients with mild or severe preeclampsia in one or more of their pregnancies, while the comparison group of 20,742 patients did not have preeclampsia.
BGU researchers found patients with preeclampsia
had significantly higher rates of chronic
hypertension diagnosed after pregnancy.
Patients with preeclampsia were also more likely
to be hospitalized at least once.
The study was conducted to evaluate long-term morbidity of patients with hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. Patients with chronic hypertension and pre-gestational diabetes before the pregnancy were excluded.
The researchers, all from BGU's Faculty of Health Sciences, include Guy Shalom, Prof. Ilana Shoham-Vardi, Ruslan Sergienko, Prof. Arnon Wiznitzer, Michael Sherf, and Prof. Eyal Sheiner.
About American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (AABGU) plays a vital role in sustaining David Ben-Gurion's vision, creating a world-class institution of education and research in the Israeli desert, nurturing the Negev community and sharing the University's expertise locally and around the globe. With some 20,000 students on campuses in Beer-Sheva, Sede Boqer and Eilat in Israel's southern desert, BGU is a university with a conscience, where the highest academic standards are integrated with community involvement, committed to sustainable development of the Negev. AABGU is headquartered in Manhattan and has nine regional offices throughout the U.S. For more information, visit www.aabgu.org.
Is preeclampsia a significant risk factor for long-term hospitalizations and morbidity?
J Maternal-Fetal Neonatal Medicine.
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Faculty of Heath Sciences
Shalom G, Shoham-Vardi I, Sergienko R, Wiznitzer A, Sherf M, Sheiner E.
Original article: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-09/aabu-ppa090412.php