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Pregnancy Timeline by SemestersFemale Reproductive SystemFertilizationThe Appearance of SomitesFirst TrimesterSecond TrimesterThird TrimesterFetal liver is producing blood cellsHead may position into pelvisBrain convolutions beginFull TermWhite fat begins to be madeWhite fat begins to be madeHead may position into pelvisImmune system beginningImmune system beginningPeriod of rapid brain growthBrain convolutions beginLungs begin to produce surfactantSensory brain waves begin to activateSensory brain waves begin to activateInner Ear Bones HardenBone marrow starts making blood cellsBone marrow starts making blood cellsBrown fat surrounds lymphatic systemFetal sexual organs visibleFinger and toe prints appearFinger and toe prints appearHeartbeat can be detectedHeartbeat can be detectedBasic Brain Structure in PlaceThe Appearance of SomitesFirst Detectable Brain WavesA Four Chambered HeartBeginning Cerebral HemispheresEnd of Embryonic PeriodEnd of Embryonic PeriodFirst Thin Layer of Skin AppearsThird TrimesterDevelopmental Timeline
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October 22, 2012--------News Archive Return to: News Alerts


“The evidence of a heightened mortality rate for the mother, particularly in the first
two years of the child’s passing, is especially relevant ... to the timing of interventions
to improve the adverse health outcomes mothers experience after the death of a child.”


WHO Child Growth Charts

       

Connection Between Child, Mother Mortality Explored

The death of a child is a tragic event for a family, bringing with it feelings of numbness, anger, guilt and denial – and, unfortunately, for many families, the loss becomes too much to bear

A new study co-conducted by Javier Espinosa, assistant professor at Rochester Institute of Technology and an expert in health and labor economics, uncovered the strong connection between the death of a child and the mortality of the mother, regardless of cause of death, gender of the child, marital status, family size, income or education level of the mother.


Results were compiled from nine years of research after
studying more than 69,000 mothers, ages 20 to 50.

According to Espinosa, the impact to mother mortality
is strongest in the two years immediately following
the child’s death. In fact, Espinosa’s research suggests
that mother mortality increases 133 percent
after the death of a child.


“To my knowledge, this is the first study to empirically analyze this issue with a large, nationally represented U.S. data set,” Espinosa says. “The evidence of a heightened mortality rate for the mother, particularly in the first two years of the child’s passing, is especially relevant to public health policy and the timing of interventions that aim to improve the adverse health outcomes mothers experience after the death of a child.”

Espinosa’s results, “Maternal bereavement: The heightened mortality of mothers after the death of a child,” co-written by William Evans from the University of Notre Dame, were recently published in the journal Economics and Human Biology.


Espinosa has also conducted extensive research
on spousal mortality in which his studies lead to
the conclusion that men who are grieving
from a wife’s death experience a 30
percent increase in mortality.

For women, there is no heightened mortality
due to the death of a spouse, but a correlation
remains between the timing of the wife’s
and husband’s deaths.

Espinosa believes he understands why
this happens, given the data are based on a
sample of married people born between
1910 and 1930.




Espinosa: “When a wife dies, men are often unprepared. They have often lost their caregiver—someone who cares for them physically and emotionally, and the loss directly impacts the husband’s health. This same mechanism is likely weaker for most women when a husband dies. Therefore, the connection in mortalities for wives may be a reflection of how similar mates’ lives become over time.”

Espinosa, who earned his doctorate in economics from University of Maryland at College Park, is an expert in health economics—the sub-discipline of economics that deals with the efficient allocation of health-care resources. He teaches health-care economics and microeconomics at RIT.

Original article: http://www.rit.edu/news/release.php?id=49489