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Welcome to The Visible Embryo, a comprehensive educational resource on human development from conception to birth.

The Visible Embryo provides visual references for changes in fetal development throughout pregnancy and can be navigated via fetal development or maternal changes.

The National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development awarded Phase I and Phase II Small Business Innovative Research Grants to develop The Visible Embryo. Initally designed to evaluate the internet as a teaching tool for first year medical students, The Visible Embryo is linked to over 600 educational institutions and is viewed by more than ' million visitors each month.


WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform
The World Health Organization (WHO) has created a new Web site to help researchers, doctors and patients obtain reliable information on high-quality clinical trials. Now you can go to one website and search all registers to identify clinical trial research underway around the world!



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Disclaimer: The Visible Embryo web site is provided for your general information only. The information contained on this site should not be treated as a substitute for medical, legal or other professional advice. Neither is The Visible Embryo responsible or liable for the contents of any websites of third parties which are listed on this site.
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Pregnancy Timeline by SemestersFemale Reproductive SystemFertilizationThe Appearance of SomitesFirst TrimesterSecond TrimesterThird TrimesterFetal liver is producing blood cellsHead may position into pelvisBrain convolutions beginFull TermWhite fat begins to be madeWhite fat begins to be madeHead may position into pelvisImmune system beginningImmune system beginningPeriod of rapid brain growthBrain convolutions beginLungs begin to produce surfactantSensory brain waves begin to activateSensory brain waves begin to activateInner Ear Bones HardenBone marrow starts making blood cellsBone marrow starts making blood cellsBrown fat surrounds lymphatic systemFetal sexual organs visibleFinger and toe prints appearFinger and toe prints appearHeartbeat can be detectedHeartbeat can be detectedBasic Brain Structure in PlaceThe Appearance of SomitesFirst Detectable Brain WavesA Four Chambered HeartBeginning Cerebral HemispheresEnd of Embryonic PeriodEnd of Embryonic PeriodFirst Thin Layer of Skin AppearsThird TrimesterDevelopmental Timeline
Click weeks 0 - 40 and follow fetal growth
Google Search artcles published since 2007
 
September 30, 2011--------News Archive

Estrodial A Unisex Hormone Essential To Metabolism
Possible treatment options could result for diabetes, obesity and heart disease.

Remove Fibroids - Prevent Recurrent Miscarriages
Research has found the first, firm evidence that fibroids are associated with recurrent miscarriages.

Understanding How Brain White Matter Develops
Study findings indicate a key step in the generation of white matter and understanding developmental disabilities.

'Alarm Clock' Gene Wakes-Up Biological Clock
Finding promises insight into sleeplessness, aging and chronic illness, such as diabetes and cancer.

September 29, 2011--------News Archive

Control Gene for Developmental Timing Discovered
Research has identified a key regulator controlling the speed of development in fruit flies. Blocking this regulator sped up the animals' rate of maturity.

Low Zinc/Copper Might Cause Spontaneous Abortion
This hypothesis had never been proven before in humans, and now has been demonstrated by University of Granada research.

Scientists Identify New Brain Stem Cell Activity
Finding raises questions of how the human brain develops and evolves.

Millesecond Memory
'Teleportation' of rats sheds light on how the memory is organized.

September 28, 2011--------News Archive

What Do Infants Remember, What Do They Forget?
In fact, they understand that objects once seen, should not disappear.

Found: New Gene Region for Testicle Development
Research has found a new genetic region which may control testicle development in the foetus.

September 27, 2011--------News Archive

Severe/Moderate Preemie Lung Function Improves
The negative effects of premature birth, whether moderately premature or extremely so, may be reversed by their teenage years.

Mom's Exercise Protects Baby From Alzheimer's
New research suggests prenatal exercise improves brain plasticity, decreases toxic protein deposits, inflammation and oxidative stress, warding off Alzheimer's.

Predicting the Best Treatment for Breast Cancer
Researchers identify new genes that help determine breast cancer prognosis.

September 26, 2011--------News Archive

Key Step Reprograms Adult Cells to Mimic Stem Cells
UNC researchers identify an important difference in sperm cell reprogramming needed to initiate formation of the embryo.

First USA Embryonic Stem Cell Therapy for Paralysis
The trial is being run by Geron Corp. of Menlo Park, Calif., which developed and manufactures the cells being tested.

UK Begins Stem Cell Trial for Disorder of the Retina
A new clinical trial using retinal cells derived from stem cells will treat people with an inherited eye condition which causes loss of sight in young people.

Pregnancy Occupation Can Cause Asthma in Child
Mothers who are exposed to particular agents during pregnancy could give birth to children with a higher risk of asthma, according to new research.

WHO Child Growth Charts

You're rudely awakened. Your room is pitch black. It's unsettling, because you're a little uncertain about where you are – and then you remember. You're in a hotel room.

Sound like a familiar experience? Or maybe you've felt a similar kind of disorientation when you walk out of an elevator onto the wrong floor? But what actually happens inside your head when you experience moments like these?

In an article published in this week's edition of the journal Nature, researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology's Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience describe exactly how the brain reacts in situations like these, during the transition between one memory and the next.

The study employed a method that allowed them to make measurements right down to the millisecond level. The research was conducted in the laboratory of May-Britt and Edvard Moser, co-director and director respectively of NTNU's Kavli Institute, by first author Karel Jezek.

Their findings show that memory is divided into discrete individual packets, analogous to the way that light is divvied up into individual bits called quanta. Each memory is just 125 milliseconds long – which means the brain can swap between different memories as often as eight times in one second.

"The brain won't let itself get confused," says Professor May-Britt Moser.

"It never mixes different places and memories together, even though you might perceive it that way. This is because the processes taking place inside your head when your brain is looking for a map of where you are take place so fast that you don't notice that you are actually switching between different maps. When you feel a little confused, it is because there is a competition in your brain between two memories. Or maybe more than two."

Brain researchers Edvard and May-Britt Moser are trying to understand exactly how the brain works.

Their approach is to meticulously monitor electrical activity in different parts of the rat brain, while the rats explore different mazes. It's a painstaking approach that provides them ever more pieces to the puzzle that is the workings of the brain.

To explore the question of whether the brain mixes memories together, the researchers created a special box for their laboratory animals that effectively enabled them to instantaneously 'teleport' a rat from one place to another -- without the help of the Starship Enterprise. Then, they tested how the brain handled the memory of place when the experience of that place suddenly changed from one location to another.

"We tricked the rats," May-Britt Moser explains. "They're not really teleported of course, but we have an approach that makes them believe that they have been. The features of the box, which give the rats a sense of where they are, are actually 'constructed' out of different lighting schemes. So we can switch from one group of location characteristics to another with the flick of a light switch."

The rats were trained over a long time to believe that the various lighting schemes represented different rooms. The researchers can tell that the rats truly believe that they are in different places because of their brain activity.

"Once we turn on one lighting scheme, we can read a very specific pattern of activity in the cells in the part of the rat's brain that creates maps," May Britt Moser says. "And when we switch to the other lighting scheme, the map pattern in the brain is completely different."

When the researchers 'teleport' the rats from one place to another by flipping the light switch from A to B, the rats experience exactly the kind of confusion you feel when you momentarily don't know where you are.

"But the mind doesn't actually mix up the maps," she says. "It switches back and forth between the two maps that represent rooms A and B, but it is never in an intermediate position. The brain can 'flip' back and forth between the two different maps, but it is always either or, site A or site B."

May-Britt and Edvard Moser have previously discovered the location of the brain's sense of place, shown how the brain works to make memories distinctively different, and have found that the brain has a mechanism to switch between experiences through the use of senses and images stored as memories.

Now the researchers have also shown how the brain switches between individual memories, and how long the brain lingers on the different bits of memory.

"We are beginning to get a glimpse of the contours of the mechanisms that make up the world of our thoughts," says May-Britt Moser.

Earlier this year May-Britt and Edvard Moser were awarded the Louis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine. In October, the couple will receive the 2011 Anders Jahre's Award for Medical Research. The award, which includes a NOK 1 million (€ 128,000) prize, is considered among the most prestigious of medical research awards in the Nordic countries.

The article, "Theta-paced flickering between place-cell maps in the hippocampus" will be released as an Advance Online Publication (AOP) on 28 September 2011 at 1300 US Eastern time, which is when the embargo is lifted. At that time, the article will be available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature10439

Original article: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-09/nuos-mm092611.php